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作为一个合格民间业余新闻记者的基本素养 The SECRET to be a Qualified Unofficial Journalists

更新日期:2019年8月2日


2019年7月10日,湖南衡東縣洣水一處堤壩決堤造成4村受災。圖:IC photo | On July 10th, 2019, the collapsed dam incurred the turmoils of 4 villages in Hengdong County, Hunan Province. Credit: IC Photo

墙内外互联网仿佛就是两个平行世界。中国大陆官媒和各种自媒体天天报道国外各种枪击爆炸天灾人祸,但身处水深火热的资本主义世界且还在治安较差的区生活的我完全木有感受到,这么一年来连个小偷都没遇到过。而墙外的中文媒体又是天天报道大陆各种暴动杀人强奸腐败冤罪和中共反人类,按照我在大陆生活了30年的经历来看,虽基本属实,但实在太夸张。

Seemingly, it"s just like two paralleled world between both sides of the Great Firewall(The Internet Censorship Running in Mainland China). All the media run by officials and individuals spread propaganda on gun firing and disasters outside China from day to night. Interestingly that's something I have never seen as a resident living in “the unliveable capitalist society” and in a neighbourhood which is relatively less ordered compared to other ones in my city in Australia. I haven't even experienced any burglary here! Outside of the Firewall, it's frequently reported the chaos, murder, rape, corruptions, wrongful convictions, and the anti-human acts of CPC(Communist Party of China). These are mostly all facts, but exaggerated ones, based on my 30-year experience of life in China.


不管是墙内还是墙外的各路媒体,都有一个非常严重的共同问题,就是假新闻。

Both the news from China and outside has serious problems in common. Fake news it is.


毫不夸张的说,中文媒体创造的新闻,真的都是创造,因为99%的新闻都充斥着主观臆断、来源不明、夸张想象甚至胡编乱造,完全不是真正意义上的新闻,称之为段子还差不多。

Seriously, all news created by Chinese media, yes, it is created, is full of personalised opinions, unclear sources, exaggerations, and made-up nonsense. Which means they are not producing news, but something no better than talk shows.


最近很多朋友跟我说应该写写关于大陆各处洪灾和张扣扣杀人案的文章,我迟迟没有动笔,因为我认为我需要对我写的文字负责。我是绝对相信中国大陆洪灾的真实性,以及绝对支持张扣扣的复仇行为,但我确实无法从互联网上找到关于洪灾的确切位置和具体灾情数据,也找不到张扣扣的真实证据列表。所有能找到的所有信息都是一些来路不明的视频和道听途说的故事。仅凭这些资料写出来的文章,也没有什么价值,不如不写。

Friends of mine asked me to post some articles of the flood everywhere in China, and the execution for a son(as know as Zhang Koukou) who avenged mother’s death. I hesitated to write for long, to be responsible for my writings. To make it clear, I never doubt the existence of the flood in China currently, be absolutely supportive for the avenge of the son. Unfortunately, it’s nearly inaccessible to the exact location or specific data of the flood on the internet. All the information online are untrusted and unclear. Everything found is merely videos come out of nowhere and stories told by no one. Passages with such resources are less valuable, which are not worth writing.


虽然中国大陆严禁个人和机构无证采编新闻,但这种反人类的做法就像禁止早恋一样是扯淡的。任何人拍张照片发到twitter微博朋友圈,都算新闻,那大家都是违法吗?新闻是一种天赋人权,任何纳粹中共三胖都是不可能禁止的,顶多拿来秋后算账。

Despite that news editing and press are illegal for individuals in China, which are totally anti-human and nonsense, it should have been annulled. Every single photo published on Twitter, Weibo, WeChat Moment is actually news, that is legal. Editing is a talent, which is impossible to be forbidden by anyone of Nazi, CPC or Kim Jong-un. They may just send someone after you.


这篇文章说到这里才算讲到正题,那就是教大家在没有接受过新闻专业训练的基础上应该如何做业余记者发新闻。简单来说,就是发推的正确姿势:

Here it comes, the essential skill of an amateur journalist , to help you work like a pro without training. In simplicity, the right way of tweeting:


1、新闻的三要素:时间地点事件

The Three Factors of News: WHEN, WHERE, WHAT


我们要多学习那些经常在朋友圈秀大长腿的网红美女,人家之所以红,就是在每次发长腿露肉照的时候,一定会标注精确的地理位置,这个地理位置一定是大家耳熟能详高大上的地标位置;一定会在照片上显示出时间,如购物小票手表手机报纸什么的,让你知道她是真的在这几天在你梦想的地方玩;一定会露脸露大腿露胸,让你知道她的腿长脸尖胸大;照片里也永远没有其他男性,让你知道她是单身,你们这些舔狗还有机会。不要以为网红美女们是靠露肉才红的,敢露肉的妹子多了去了,为毛就人家能红呢?因为人家懂新闻。

It's good to study from those famous beauties who post her nice photos every day. The reason for them to be popular is to mark the exact location of the place of attraction and the time(through receipt, watch, smartphone or newspaper)every time they post. These are factors to convince you that they did have fun in recent days and at places on your wishlist. They always display their faces, legs and breasts as well, to make sure you are attracted by their gorgeous legs, pretty faces, and hot breasts. There won't be males showing up in the picture to tell that they are single and more accessible to those poor singles. Those popular pretty girls are not distinguished only out of their body, as there are too many. It is because they studied news!

福利来了,韩国网红模特zennyrt的露肉照,重点看红框内 Here comes something you enjoy, the sexy picture of Korean popular model, Zennyrt. Read the Red bracket carefully.

再看看大陆洪水在推特上的搜索结果(微博上啥也搜不到,不说了),不是一片洪水就是一堆人拉着横幅跪在地上,找不到任何时间戳,任何地点,任何人物,偶尔有一点背景对白,你还不知道是不是后期配上去的。这样的推文,就算是实拍的,你又怎么能让别人相信这是实拍的?

Turn to the search results of the flood in China on Twitter(I don’t want to talk about Weibo, everything related has been deleted). From the videos on Twitter, there are either endless water in the city or a group of citizens keeling on the ground and holding some slogans. Neither time stamp nor coordinates can be found in the video.Some dialog in the background may be heard but impossible to find out if it's original or edited . These videos cannot convince others that it's authentic even it's actually real.

看这个视频你能看懂是哪里什么时候发生的事情吗?

Is it possible to find out WHEN, WHERE and WHAT through the video?


说实话,做上时间戳拍上地标建筑和人物是非常简单的。发了洪水,肯定是到处都淹了,带上一份当期的《人民日报》,走到当地的主干道上,让别人把报纸举起来拍到报纸的“人民日报”四个大字和日期以及第XXX期,以证明拍摄日期。拍摄的时候除了拍洪水,还要拍当地街道上的门店招牌和汽车,尤其是含有地名和电话的店招,拍银行和街道牌更是最好的选择。如果能拍到汽车被水淹了,大家坐着皮划艇在大街上划船,那这个视频简直就是绝对真实的新闻素材。

Frankly, its not that difficult to add time stamp, and shoot landmark. Grab the latest newspaper and walk to the major road in the city, record the title and date of the newspaper clearly to illustrate the date. What you need to shoot is not only the flood but the local street, name of stores and cars merged by water, especially the stores with the name of your city and contact numbers. Shooting banks and street signs. The video would be authentic and fantastic news material if it is possible to capture the watered vehicles and people sailing on the boat.


细节、细节,还是细节!

DETAILS, DETAILS, DETAILS!

细节决定了你拍的是新闻还是段子!

Details determine the videos you captured to be jokes or news.


2、新闻的连贯性

The Cohesion and Coherence of the news.


还是以网红美女举例,如果她只是拍一两张长腿露肉照发到朋友圈,顶多拿到那几天偶尔刷到她照片的几个好友的赞,并且这几个好友还是他的熟人好友。他的熟人好友会转发收藏她的长腿露肉照吗?显然不会,因为他的熟人并不一定是他的舔狗。怎么才能变网红增加舔狗粉丝数呢?只有坚持不懈的长期发,没有其它办法。

Take the pretty girl once more. She would receive few likes from her friends and families if she only posted one or two sexy pictures online. And her friends are less likely to save and forward her pictures as they may not be her admirers. The only way to be noticed is to post with persistence.


同理,如果你只是拍一次洪水视频,可能根本不会被别人注意到,即使你的视频是真实的。所以如果你是真的想让别人关注到你家所在城市遭遇洪灾,就要坚持不懈的拍视频坚持不懈的发出去。因为你的敌人除了严控新闻可能将你定罪的中共外,还有不停的制造各种八卦段子将你的新闻淹没的无良媒体。所以你除了确保新闻视频真实外,还有确保视频数量够多。当你的twitter上有100条以上不同地点不同时间的洪灾视频,没有人再会无视你和洪灾的存在。

Same reason, if you posted only one single video about the flood, it shouldn't be noticed even if it's authentic. You should insist on recording and uploading since you really intend to reveal the truth of the situation in your hometown, make it public and receive more attention and help internationally. You are facing more enemies besides CPC(Communist Party of China), who suppresses free press sickly and brings you to conviction. The other would be the media with no conscience, attempting to cover your voice by making gossip news massively. Then what you need to do is to send a large number of videos besides keeping a fair authenticity. No one ignores you if there are hundreds of videos of different time and different days on your twitter.


真实报道,和持续的真实报道,永远是打败假新闻和段子的最好武器。

Persistent and authentic report is the key to take down fake news and gossips.


3、发布渠道和发布主体

The media and major body of publishing.


这里不再以网红美女举例,毕竟以长腿露肉照和洪灾做对比实在不严肃。

I won't make examples with hot girls this time, since it’s less serious.


灾难报道作为各种独裁政权严格控制的新闻,一直是最难做到真实和连贯发布的。切尔诺贝利的调查就是一个例子,一个简单的事故这么多年了却没有一个让多方信服的结论,原因就是因为政府为了掩盖真相会不择手段。

The disaster report is something the sovereign of dictatorship strictly control, lead to fail of authenticity and instantaneity. Chernobyl, for example, it has not been given any believed reasons by the government. It's been thirty years, the investigation of a simple crisis was not processed successfully. This illustrates the government will do every means to erase the truth.

30多年过去了,切尔诺贝利真相依然众说纷纭 It’s been more than 30 years, the truth of Chernobyl was still buried underground.

不过现在有了互联网,信息传播障碍比30年前小了太多,政府以肉体毁灭为最终消灭真相的方式不起作用了,因此才有了防火墙的建立。所以现在最大的障碍也就是防火墙,需要做的也就是翻个墙发到油管推特而已,还是so easy的。只需要买个装了google play的二手水货安卓机,下载个SSR找个免费的机场,再注册个telegram和twitter,起个简单明了的名字,如“中国大陆2019夏季洪灾实时报道”,即可成为业余记者。

Luckily, now we have the Internet, making it much easier to spread information, while the typical way, demolish the flesh, won’t work. This is also the reason why they build the great Firewall, which is the greatest obstacle. What you need to do is get a second hand imported Android smartphone, download SSR(ShadowSocksR, a popular software in Mainland China to bypass censorship), get an “airport”(ShadowsocksR Server, ShadowSocksR Client is called “plane” for its icon) online, sign up Telegram, Twitter and YouTube, get a easily recognised name, such as”Mainland China 2019 Summer Flood Real-time”, you can be a amateur journalist! You just need to bypass the Great Firewall and send to YouTube and Twitter. So Easy!


简而言之,发布渠道:Twitter,youtube。发布主体,就是你自己!

In simplicity, the best media is: Twitter, YouTube. The Major body is yourself!


4、如何博人眼球

How to make the news attractive


千万不要标题党!

绝对不能标题党!

必须不是标题党!

Never Use A Clickbait Title!

Never Use A Clickbait Title!

Never Use A Clickbait Title!


如果你被朋友圈今日头条洗脑多年,不由自主的搞标题党,那就距离制造假新闻不远了。

专业人士是绝对不会看那种“一个女人与川普共处一室3天后愤怒辞职”之类的标题党新闻,新闻只要真实简单明了即可,不需要表达自己的情绪和立场,客观的新闻自然有他的立场。

以大陆洪灾为例,每天发上去的推文只要写清楚时间地点事件即可,如:2019年7月20日我在湖南省XX市XX区XX街道拍摄的洪水,水深XX米。然后附上视频。

You would be few steps away from making fake news if you have been brain-washed by the articles full of clickbait titles on TopBuzz or WeChat and start to do so unconsciously. Professionals will never read “A woman stay in a room privately with Donald Trump for three days and resigned with fury after”.

It matters to be simple and direct, and there is no need for emotions and side of views to be involved. The reader has his own view if there is strong evidence. For instance, you only need to clarify the time, matters and locations, such as”The Video of flood is shot at Hunan Province, XX city, XX county, XX Street on July 20th, 2019. The depth of the water is XX meters.” And then post the video.


引人关注最简单的办法就是@推特红人投稿和在相关组织个人的发言下面留言,即可被更多人看到和转发。坚持不懈的发推,一定会引起关注的。如果没有引起关注,只是你做的还不够。

The most simple way to draw attention is to “@“ a popular tweeter, or leave a message to organisations and individuals related to this topic. It will be read and forwarded by a great many of people as you keep tweeting. You need to do more if you were not noticed.


5、如何保护自己和线人

How to protect yourself and your CI


你要明白,你所做的事情是在与中共独裁政府最关注的新闻管制对抗,因此你一旦被抓,一定是寻衅滋事,轻则拘留15天,重则判刑3~5年,因此必须保护好自己。如何保护自己请看我之前写的文章,核心就是专机专卡专用。洪灾过去后就停止报道,手机扔到河里,毁尸灭迹。

You need to understand what you are doing is to work against the dictating government and its censorship, which is something most worried by the dictator. Once you get caught, they will make you convict for inciting social disorder. You will be detained for 15 days at least, or stay 3-5 years behind the bar if it's really mattered. For this reason, taking actions to protect your privacy is compulsory for your own safety. You may read the passages written before to study about that. The key is to separate your activities on different devices and sim cards, to isolate your identity with your activities. You should stop reporting after the flood and throw the smart phones into water which you shoot videos and upload these videos. Make sure you have erased all evidence.


因为是你在拍摄,所以我想你也不会蠢到把自拍大头照发到twitter上,但你有可能随机采访路人,或者有路人给你提供线索,甚至你有专门的团队集体作案,你把其他人拍入境的可能性很大。如果把这样的视频发到twitter上,会对他人和你自己带来危险。因此在拍摄视频时,所有人员都要注意戴上墨镜口罩和帽子,不要穿戴任何标志性的服装,不要露出纹身胎记之类的标记,不要给视频旁白配音(不要自恋没人想听你的不标准普通话),不要在自己家周围拍摄。如果开车,切记不要拍到车和车牌号。每个视频在发到twitter之前都检查一遍,确保视频没有没有记录任何个人信息。

While shooting videos, I don't think you are stupid enough to put your selfie as profile photo. You may interview strangers or run a group of journalists, who are probable to be exposed. It brings danger to you and others. Every individual should ware masks, sunglasses and caps. Wear less special cloth, don't show your tattoo or birthmark. No monologue(No one enjoys your dialect). Stay miles away from your home while shooting. Don't shoot plates number if you are driving. Check all your footage before sending to twitter and remove all your personal information(Face, Plates, Voice, Decoration, etc).


最后也是最重要的提醒,拍摄视频的手机一定不要是发布twitter的那部手机,发布twitter推文的手机必须妥当藏好,绝对不要随身携带,不要连自家WIFI,一定要用手机流量上网,如果用境外手机卡的国际漫游流量最好(只是比较贵)。

The last and the most essential remind, never shoot videos and tweet on same mobile phone. You must hide the mobile phone safely, which you use to bypass the censorship and send Twitters. Never bring it with you while shooting outside or connect to your home Wi-Fi. Always use Cellular Network(2G/3G/4G). It would be better if you use foreign SIM card(More expensive).


这篇文章比较长,很多重点我重复了很多次,就是想让阅读这篇文章的人看明白我要表达的意思。

The passage is a little bit long as I repeated some opinions for a couple of times, just to make it understood.


“新闻记者”这个职业从来不是在某个机构上班靠他们来证明的,新闻记者可以是任何人,只要认为自己对真相和社会负有责任感即可从事这份工作

“Journalist” is not an occupation proving their work through working for some companies or facilities. It can be anyone! As long as you think you are responsible for the truth and the society.


从某种意义上来说,我也是新闻记者,我记录我自己参与事件的新闻。我不拿任何人的报酬,我自己承担记录新闻所需要的开支,我也对我自己的写的文字负责,因此我认为我是一个合格的新闻记者,我也对能够从事这份工作感到自豪。

To some extent, I am a journalist myself. I keep the record of the activities that I took part in. I have never been paid. I pay for my cost actually. I am also responsible for what I have written. According to what I have mentioned above, I consider myself as a qualified journalist, which makes me proud of myself.


我希望我这篇文章能对想做一个业余新闻记者的朋友有所帮助。

I wish my article to be helpful to everyone who would like to be an unofficial journalist.



附录:

1、整天刷微博卻不知道湖南水災?你怎樣看中國災害新聞的傳播?

https://theinitium.com/roundtable/20190719-roundtable-zh-hunan-flood/


2、韩国网红zennyrt的instagram

https://www.instagram.com/zennyrt/

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